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Sugar-fueled Dissipative Living Materials

This paper reports:

  • The  first  example  of  synthetic  living  material featuring   dissipative   behaviors   directly controlled  by  the  fuel  consumption  of  their constituent cells
  • A  synthetic  dissipative  system  that  interfaces biology  and  shows  repeated  macroscopic phase transition
  • Detailed  examination  of  kinetics  of  fuel consumption by living cells at a molecular level


  • This  work  significantly  expands  the  scope  of dissipative  materials  by  bringing  it  one  step closer to integration with biology.
  • This work provides a new tool and knowledge to  design  synthetic  dissipative  systems  with living cells.